Robotics is a field of engineering where robotic projects ideas deal with the creation, design, and operation of machines. The name “robotics” comes from the term “robot.” At the moment, there are several types of robots available, including serial, parallel, walking, and mobile robots. A power supply, controllers, grippers, manipulators, and end effectors are the main components of robotics. When we think of a robot, the first thing that comes to mind is that it imitates someone. In reality, however, there is no precise definition of a robot. However, there are several fundamental properties that a robot should possess, such as intellect, perception, energy, and mobility. Some robots work independently to do certain jobs. Alternative robots, on the other hand, require human assistance. As a result, these robots are reliant on one another. Robotics Project Ideas are utilized for a variety of purposes, including medical, space communication, and military.
(A) The latest top 25 robotics projects ideas for engineering students
Tremendously, robotics project ideas for engineering students have risen. It doesn’t merely interfere with anything. Several engineering institutions have developed a specialized stream of engineering. The enthusiasm of robot enthusiasts is great through college activities, robotics festivals, and contests. This list of 25 ideas for the project robotics has been prepared. How many were you trying to do?
1. Chatbot for Appliance Control Artificial Intelligence
This project provides an ESP8266-12E NodeMCU and Facebook Messengers platform for artificial intelligence (AI) control in household electric appliances. Chatfuel is the platform to create Facebook AI chatbot. IFTTT and Adafruit IO are also being used as back-end support. The initiative is beneficial for AI’s internet connection (IoT).
2. Robot use of Raspberry Pi, Virtual Telepresence
This camera robot is put in a distant position to visually capture the environment with Raspberry Pi (RPi). The images are presented on the VR headset of the user. An additional function allows the camera to move towards the head motions of the user. This provides the user an experience in real-time as though he’s there where the robot is.
3. Make your own remote robot
The signal is generally transmitted using radio-frequency (RF) and infrared wireless technology to operate a robot (IR). To deliver an IR signal, you require an encoding and decoding system transmitter and receiver. A basic remote-controlled robot that can be operated by an IR remote, used for the TV or DVD player, or an IR comparable remote may be seen here.
4. Smartphone-Controlled Robot Car based on Arduino
Smartphones can now operate a variety of electrical and electronic equipment, such as motors, audio systems, and lighting. We’ve got an Arduino-based robot car here that you can operate using an Android smartphone that has the Arduino RC software loaded. With the assistance of a Bluetooth module, this bot gets orders from your smartphone.
5. MATLAB-based Color Sensing Robot
A MATLAB-based project is shown here in which camera pictures are analyzed for colors and the location of a red-colored item is retrieved from the image. Different data is transmitted via the COM port depending on the position of the red-colored item in the picture. The robot receives serial data and performs the necessary movement. You are free to modify the code to whatever color you choose. This project is simply an example; you might use it for a variety of industrial applications, such as operating large load-lifting machines with a colored item in your hand.
6. Robot with RF Control
We’ll begin with a simple Arduino-based robot. An RF remote control can be used to operate it. This robot can be created in a short amount of time on a limited budget. Aside from being omnidirectional, the RF remote control has a good controlling range (up to 100 meters with appropriate antennas). The Arduino UNO board is the brains of the robot. Another incentive is to work with your hands.
7. Robot that is controlled via an Android phone
These days, Android smartphones are without a doubt the most popular electronics. On the Internet, you may discover a variety of programs that use inherent hardware in these phones, such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi, to control other devices. This project features a robot that can be controlled via an Android phone app.
8. Robot that extinguishes fires
Extinguishing fire at an early stage can prevent many serious incidents. This project’s goal is to create a robot that can detect and extinguish the fire. This fire-fighting robot is a model for the real thing. Simple infrared (IR) photodiodes are employed here to detect IR rays emitted by the fire.
9. Robot that responds to gestures wirelessly
We’ll use hand gestures to operate a robot wirelessly in this project. This is a simple and intuitive method of interacting with robotic systems and robots. The tilting position is detected by an accelerometer. Different analog values are sent into a microcontroller, which creates command signals to drive the robot. Other applications of this principle include welding robots and hazardous material handling robots.
10. Robotic Soccer Player
With the aid of an Android phone, this soccer robot can go forward, backward, forward-left, forward-right, reverse-left, and reverse-right. The phone’s speed is controlled by the angle at which it rotates. Shaking the phone also causes the robot to kick a ball. The Arduino UNO board is the brains of the system. Servo motor, Bluetooth module JY MCU BT, motor driver L293D, and two DC motors are among the other components.
11. Greeting Robot, Namaste
The Arduino Uno board is at the core of this entertaining project named “namaste robot.” Several motors are controlled by the Arduino at the same time. The robot rotates its head 180 degrees and uses an ultrasonic module to scan persons within its range. If it comes across someone nearby, it greets them with a traditional Indian greeting of ‘namaste,’ which is expressed by putting both hands together.
12. Robot that follows a line
Line-following robots with pick-and-place capabilities are used in manufacturing operations. These follow a predetermined course to collect components from certain areas and deposit them where they are needed. The robot is controlled by the AT89C51 microcontroller. A motor driver L293D, an operational amplifier LM324, a phototransistor, and a few discrete components are among the other components.
13. Wireless Steering in a Robocar
The following project is about a wirelessly guided robot. Wireless steering detects motion and delivers instructions to control the robot via radio frequency communication. A mechanism for detecting and avoiding obstacles has also been installed on the robot. The steering movement is detected by the accelerometer. The data is processed by the Arduino Uno board, and the relevant commands are sent to the robot through the RF transmitter.
14. Land Rover with Cellphone Control
Perception, processing, and action are the three separate aspects of robot control. Preceptors are sensors installed on the robot that is processed by the onboard microcontroller or CPU, and the task (action) is carried out by motors or other actuators. The robot in this project is controlled by a mobile phone that makes a call to the robot’s mobile phone. At the processing end, the tone that corresponds to a button is heard. With the aid of the phone placed in the robot, the robot detects this DTMF tone.
15. Dual-mode Robot based on RF
The next dual-mode robot is controlled manually using an RF-based remote. The robot has some built-in intelligence that allows it to avoid obstacles by altering its course. Additional customizations, such as automated vacuum cleaners, are also available. In this case, the vacuum cleaner will clean the floor automatically, or you may control it using the RF remote while relaxing on your sofa.
16. Robots’ Whiskers
Whiskers for robots are basic switch-type sensors that detect adjacent things in the environment in the same way that an animal’s whiskers do. The sensor transmits a pulse to the robot when it is disturbed, indicating that an impediment is there. Steel guitar strings may be used to create sensitive but cheap general-purpose whiskers. These strings are extremely flexible, conductive, and simple to work with.
17. Circuit for a Remotely Operated Spy Robot
This robotics project describes how to construct a spy robot that can be commanded by a remote. The robot may be controlled in four directions using the four switches on the remote. The robot uses a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera to perceive its surroundings and communicates information to the receiver through Radio Frequency (RF) wireless communication. In the post-RF Remote Control Circuit for Home Appliances, we looked at how to set up RF communication. This circuit is likewise made using this type of technology.
18. Robotic Human Detection
A next project is a basic person detecting robot that uses RF technology to be operated manually. The circuit’s basic idea is to use a human detection sensor to identify the presence of a human. The wireless robot is controlled by a computer. Radio Frequency technology is the wireless technology utilized here. The data is sent to the receiver through radiofrequency. The data obtained is used to run and control the robot.
19. Robotic Metal Detector
The next project describes how to use RF technology to create a metal detecting robot. The suggested system is made up of two circuits: a transmitter and a receiver. The transmitter circuit sends out the commands that the robot needs to operate. The receiver circuit receives these orders through radio frequency and moves the robot in accordance with them. On the receiver side, a metal detector is connected to the controller. When the robot detects any metal, it comes to a halt and the buzzer begins to sound.
20. Robotic Land Surveyor
This project implements a plan for doing a field survey in order to determine the land’s area and split it into subplots. A Zigbee module is mounted to the robot together with the microcontroller to send field data to the control area. To travel about the plot, the Survey Robot is controlled by the ZigBee module. The Survey Robot’s distance traveled is computed using a timed concept, and this number is subsequently sent to the PC.
21. Robotic Fruit Picker
Fruit harvesting in a timely manner is critical for a fruit planter. It is a time-consuming procedure that, if not completed on time, may result in waste and financial loss. This robotic project concept is for a fruit picking robot that not only functions as a fruit picker but is also smart enough to only select ripe fruits.
22. Robotic Stair Climber
For reconnaissance and/or search and rescue operations in buildings and cities, small tracked mobile robots intended for general urban mobility have been created. For many of these tasks, autonomous stair climbing is a critical feature. The design and implementation of a novel set of estimate and control algorithms to improve the speed and effectiveness of stair climbing are presented in this work.
23. Robot that can solve mazes
The next assignment involves creating a robot that can navigate a line labyrinth from start to finish. There are some starting and ending places in the maze, as well as numerous dead ends. To complete this problem, we must discover the correct path as quickly as feasible. This project calls for a black line on a white backdrop line labyrinth. Two motors and five infrared sensors are the project’s most basic needs.
24. Robotic Window Cleaner
This research illustrates the potential of developing a window-washing robot for use in cleaning domestic double-hung sash windows, particularly by the disabled. It must be mounted on a window and clean the exterior of the window without human involvement, either autonomously or by remote control, under stringent weight and size restrictions. This robot wipes off a series of 12 mm-diameter dry-erase dots and carries 50 mL of water to imitate the cleaning fluid used in the final device as it travels over the window as though cleaning it.
25. Sanitizing Robot for Hospitals
UV beams are used by the UV sanitization robot to destroy germs and bacteria. A live video feed of the robot’s surroundings is also possible. We can operate the robot through WiFi, and its GUI allows us to drive it inside a medical room without having to be physically there.
(B) Latest top 22 robotics projects ideas for final year engineering students
Several engineering students are becoming increasingly interested in robotics projects ideas for final year engineering students. In comparison to other electronics projects, they generate a lot of interest. These robotics projects are highly common in education: line following robot, pick and place robot, fire fighting, wall track, humanoid, and Hexapod, among others. These engineering students’ robotics project ideas will come in handy when practicing. As a result, we usually encourage engineering students to choose these robotics kits since they are capable of working.
1. Night Vision Wireless Camera Used by a War Field Spying Robot
The basic goal of this project is to develop a robotic vehicle that uses RF technology and a wireless camera, with the RF technology being used for remote control and the wireless camera being utilized for monitoring. The robot, in conjunction with a camera, can send footage with night vision. This sort of robot is used on the battlefield for espionage purposes. The needed actions are carried out using an 8051 microcontroller.
2. Shuttle Train for Auto Metro between Two Stations
The primary objective of this project is to illustrate the technology that is utilized in the movement of a metro train. Many industrialized nations utilize this initiative. The metro train is fitted with a controller that allows it to travel automatically from one stop to the next.
3. Robotic Vehicle Movement Tracking
The main goal of this project is to create a robot that follows a specific course. On a white floor, the path might be a black lane. A track-sensing robotic vehicle is being utilized for a number of purposes, including as a guide for automated cars in public locations. This robotic vehicle is created by a pair of sensors and is meant to travel on a curved black path that both motors perceive.
4. Robotic Metal Detector Vehicle
This project’s major goal is to create a robotic vehicle that can detect metals and land mines. Land mines are unstable devices buried beneath the earth, and manually detecting them using metal detectors is dangerous. A metal detector is incorporated in the robot in this project, and it is operated via RF transmission.
5. Robotic Vehicle with RF Control and Laser Beam Arrangement
The goal of this project is to use RF technology to operate a robotic vehicle. Low-power laser light is used to demonstrate how its beam may be used to stop a faraway item. For the intended operation, an 8051 microcontroller is utilized.
6. Robotic Vehicle that Follows a Line
A robot that moves in a straight line is known as a line-following robot. A black trail on a white floor or a magnetic field can be used. These robots are employed for a number of purposes, ranging from being a public guide to driving automated cars. A-Line Following robotic vehicle is created here, which moves along a curved black line that is detected by a pair of sensors for each motor. The robotic vehicle consists of two motors, and each motor’s DC supply is controlled by a transistor that also serves as a switch.
6. Avoiding Obstacles Vehicle with Robotics
A robot can be operated either automatically by recognizing its surroundings or manually by using a remote or other means. A completely autonomous robot is being created here, which detects the environment around it and moves appropriately. There is a sensor setup installed in the robot that detects things ahead of it and adjusts its course to avoid colliding with them. These robotic vehicles might be utilized in areas such as sanctuaries.
7. Robotic Vehicle with Soft Catching Gripper for Pick N Place
Picking up and placing things may be done with the help of a robotic vehicle. End effectors are used in robots for this function, and their moment is regulated by motors. RF communication is used to operate the robotic vehicle remotely through a set of buttons.
8. Robotic Firefighting Vehicle
Robots may be employed in a variety of dangerous scenarios, such as when a fire breaks out. A demonstration of such a prototype consists of a water pipe with a nozzle and a pump. The robot’s movement, as well as the nozzle’s water spraying, is controlled remotely through a set of pushbuttons, and the orders are sent to the robot via RF communication.
9. Store Management Robotic Vehicle with Touch Screen and Remote Control
A pick-and-place robot is being built here, and it is operated by RF transmission. A touch screen panel is used to send orders to the robot, which are then communicated and received by it, allowing it to move in the appropriate direction and manage the pick and place process.
10. Lawnmower with Robotics Arduino is used to control the device.
The goal of this project is to create a robot that can cut the grass in a specific area of a garden while avoiding impediments. The Arduino controller, which serves as the core control unit for this robot, may be powered by solar energy.
11. The Arduino Board is used to create a smart boat robot.
This basic robotic project uses an Arduino board to create a boar that can detect obstructions, operate lights, and so forth.
12. Using Arduino, create a robot that seeks light.
The goal of this project is to create a light-following robot. This project can be controlled without the robot’s involvement by using light. As a result, this device is also known as light following robot. This project may be built using an Arduino board with obstacle detecting capabilities.
13. Robotic Snow Plow
This project uses an Arduino Uno to create a snowplows robot. The orders broadcast from the RF device are used by this robot. This gadget is used to precisely control the motions of a robot and plow.
14. Robot that can self-balance
The primary goal of this project is to create a balanced robot with two wheels. To achieve stability, this project may be implemented using an Arduino for separate digital control.
15. Robot with four legs
The goal of this project is to create a quadruped robot. It’s a basic and inexpensive quadruped robot with two servos controlled by an Arduino Uno controller.
16. Arduino-based Robotic Manipulator
The project involves the creation of a robotic arm that performs functions comparable to those of a human arm. The built-in program in the arm can do these functions. The robotic manipulator may be designed with the help of an Arduino controller.
17. Robot with Omni Wheels
An Omni wheel robot is used in this project. This robot is simple to create and put together. This sort of robot enables new kinds of actions. This robot’s implementation may be done with an Arduino board and a motor driver circuit.
18. Arduino-based Robotic Vacuum Cleaner
The goal of this project is to create an autonomous vacuum cleaner robot. This robot uses sensors, an Arduino controller, and a motor driver circuit to clean the house without human intervention.
19. Controlling a Robotic Arm with a Wireless Glove
This project creates a system that uses a wireless glove to control a robot’s hand. This project may be built with an Arduino Nano, batteries, a transceiver module, a servo motor, and a sensor.
20. Nunchuck is used to control a robotic arm.
This project demonstrates how to program and attach a robotic arm using an Arduino Mega. This project differs from others in the arm-based category since it uses a Nintendo Nunchuk to operate a robotic arm. It’s easy to locate, inexpensive, and comes with a set of sensors.
21. Gesture Control for a Robotic Arm
The goal of this project is to create a robot that can be controlled through hand gestures. The gestures are captured using a kinetic sensor in this case. The creation of a robotic arm can be accomplished using servo motors that mimic the right arm’s shoulder and hand movements.
22. Robotic Arm Operated by a Computer Mouse
This project involves designing a robotic arm that can be operated using a computer mouse. This project may also be used to process images by utilizing MATLAB to make its own decisions.
We put up this list of robotics project ideas, but new ones pop up on a regular basis. You could stumble upon one that isn’t included here. As a result, suggestions are always welcome in the comments section below. Furthermore, you may always submit your own projects.